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The Humayun's tomb (1508-1556), second emperor of the Mongol Empire, It was the first garden-tomb that was built to honor the Mongol ruler, as they comment on the web Ancient origins. The monument was so spectacular that it inspired architectural innovations during the Mongol Empire, including the famous Taj Mahal in Agra, built a century after Humayun's garden-tomb.
When Emperor Humayun died in 1556, he was first buried in Purana Quila, a fort in Delhi. When the fort was taken by the Hindu emperor Hemu, to protect the body of the emperor it was exhumed by the Mongols and taken to Kalanaur, in Punjab. In 1569, Humayun's first wife, Bega Begum, commissioned the construction of a tomb in Delhi for her husband. The design commission was entrusted to Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect and therefore the tomb had a strong influence of the architecture of that Middle Eastern country.
Persian gardens inspired the garden in which Humayun's remains rest, which was divided into four parts by roadways. In the center of each of them were shallow water channels that were connected to pools. The entrance to the enclosure was located in the south and west of the place. In addition, there was a pavilion and a bathroom that occupied the center, north and east, respectively. In the center of the gardens was a plaza.
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The tomb itself is a double story built of red sandstone, although the monument is a plaza, is shaped like an irregular octagon. The highest part of the building is composed of a Persian dome decorated by columns, which are a distinctive feature of Indian architecture. These architectural elements of two cultures that harmoniously complement each other such as the Indian and the Persian, is a perfect example of the synthesis between two styles.
In the center of the octagon is Humayun's Tomb, in addition to the tombs of other members of the royal family that reach 150, making it the necropolis of the Mongol dynasty.
In the second half of the twentieth century, Huyuman's tomb was badly damaged. The restoration began in 1997 and was completed in 2004. In 2007 there was a proposal to pass a highway nearby and there was fear that pollution and traffic would have negative effects on the monument. Opposition to the project led to the proposal being abandoned.