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Sonar used on a scientific expedition has revealed the remains of a wreck (piece of ship wrecked) unknown more than a mile deep off the coast of North Carolina. Objects found in the junk indicate that the wreck may date back to the American Revolution.
Scientists from Duke University, North Carolina State University, and the University of Oregon discovered the remains of the wreck on July 12, during an expedition aboard Atlantis, a research ship.
Among the objects discovered in the remains of the wreck was a chain of iron, a pile of wooden beams, bricks, glass bottles ... and other navigation instruments such as an octant or a sextant.
The remains appear to be from the late 18th and early 19th centuries, when the United States was expanding its trade with the rest of the world through the sea.
“This is a fantastic find and a reminder that despite our advances in our ability to access the ocean, the deep sea still holds secrets,” explained expedition leader Cindy Van Dover, director of the Marine Laboratory. from Duke University.
“I had previously led expeditions there, in one we even used advanced technology to explore the bottom of the sea. It is surprising that we have been exploring very close to where the wreck was, "said Van Dover.
"This discovery tells us that the technology we are developing to explore the seabed not only provides us with important information about the oceans, but also about our history," said David Eggleston, director of the Center for Marine Sciences and Technology and one of the main researchers of the project.
When Van Dover and Eggleston discovered the wreck, they informed the Marine Heritage Program and now they will be in charge of determining the age and identifying the wreck.
Bruce Terrel, head of archeology for the Marine Heritage Program, has said that it would be possible to determine the date and country of origin of the wreck studying pottery, bottles and other objects found on the ship.
"To carry more than a kilometer under the sea and in very cold temperatures, the wreck is well preserved," said Terrel, adding: "A more detailed archaeological study in the future will give us more details."
James Delgado, director of the Marine Heritage Program, indicates that the remains of the wreck are in the path of the Gulf Stream, which sailors used for centuries to reach ports in North America, the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico and South America.
"The discovery is very interesting, but not unexpected, the violent storms wrecked a large number of boats off the coast of Carolina but only some have been found due to the difficulties of the deep sea and the hard work on the coasts" .
The scientific expedition aimed to explore the ecology of deep ocean areas on the eastern coast. Van Dover is a specialist in the ecology of marine ecosystems and Eggleston studies the ecology of organisms that live at the bottom of the sea.
“Our accidental discovery shows the rewards of working on the ocean floor”Stated Van Dover.