The Schöningen excavations may change our point of view on evolution

The Schöningen excavations may change our point of view on evolution

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Excavations being carried out at the open pit coal mine in Schöningen since 1994 are paying off and providing information of great importance and reveal that the hominids of the Lower Palaeolithic are more similar to humans than previously thought.

It should be noted that about 300,000 years ago Homo heidelbergensis came to use very modern weapons and tools as well as living in social groups that had workers and hunters, all well organized, and they were even able to communicate, something that until now was the heritage only of modern humans.

Since the start of these excavations, a large volume of information has been obtained that has helped us to know how hominids lived in northern Europe.

It was since 2008 when Dr. Jordi Serangeli and Professor Nicholas Conard took charge of the excavations, for which they have a very large team of professionals as well as the support of the Lower Saxony Directorate for Cultural Heritage, which It has allowed them to continue their field investigations and obtaining better and better results.

The publication Human evolution has presented the results of the excavation that and in the report it is revealed that have found many spears in an excellent state of preservation as well as some wooden tools whose conservation, despite the time, is good.

This greatly increases the interest of experts from around the world, who had documented other materials such as stone and bone, demonstrating that the inhabitants of that time had a great mastery of tools, which added to their communication and their organized society, have become something even more interesting to continue studying.

It is an impressive find although it will continue to be investigated to find out if those inhabitants had a controlled use of fire or not, as has long been assured.

In this regard there are many conflicting positions given that while many experts say that they were able to control the fire, other experts such as Professor Christopher miller, from the University of Tübingen and the Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoenvironment, stated that: “The Schöningen results suggest that ancient archaic humans may have been able to survive in that area of ​​Europe without having made fire, much less controlled it.«.

Be that as it may, ongoing investigations on the ground will continue to provide valuable information that will help us more accurately determine how they lived.

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