A database of Egyptian gods in Roman Spain

A database of Egyptian gods in Roman Spain

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A new database, called "La gens isiaca en Hispania", allows cataloging and geolocation of a set of archaeological pieces related to the Egyptian goddess Isis, recovered in the three provinces of Roman Hispania (Baetica, Lusitania and Tarraconensis) between the 1st centuries BC. and III A.D.

Among the novelties of this platform, created by researchers from the Carlos III University of Madrid (UC3M), is its magnitude, since triples the number of registered pieces on this subject in previous catalogs.

According to Jaime Alvar, professor of Ancient History at UC3M and director of the project, “The main advantages are direct access to pioneering information and immediate updating of the files. No waiting for a new paper edition. In addition, geolocation allows observing the anomalous distribution of materials. Practically the entire center of the Iberian Peninsula has no parts and these are concentrated mainly on the Catalan coast, western Andalusia and the capital of Lusitania, Mérida ”.

Analyzing the conditions of reception of cultural change and the process of reappropriation of ancient rites is one of the objectives of this research: “How do the different sociocultural strata of a community that has been invaded and transcultured as a consequence of the Roman conquest act? You can see to what extent the oligarchies are more or less active in generating social change, or how dominated social groups have greater disinterest ”, explains Alvar.

Development phases

The elaboration of the database has been carried out in two phases: a first, of design, development, content introduction and image processing, and a second of geolocation through a personalized Google map in which it is determined the location of each of the pieces found.

"We have created a kind of dialogue between the platform and geolocation, in such a way that if one accesses the description of a piece, one can, by clicking on a link, go to the map and see where they were located and where they are deposited", says Inmaculada Muro, head of research support at the UC3M Humanities Library.

The database updates and expands what is collected in Jaime Alvar's book Egyptian cults in Hispania (2012), with the advantages provided by the digital environment: “It allows updating, modifying, correcting, eliminating or incorporating information in existing files or in new ones, so that the user can know what is the current date of the data that is watching ”, concludes the researcher.

This research is developed within the framework of Oriental Religions in Spain project (ORINS), funded by the Ministry of Economy and Business.

See also list of Gods of Egypt

After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.

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